Analysis of the Chorus in "Murder at the Cathedral"

T.S. Eliot’s Murder in the Cathedral tells the story of Thomas Beckett, a man who reigned as Archbishop of Canterbury during the 12th century in England until his death in 1170. In order to tell Beckett’s story, Eliot creates a series of equally interesting characters that each play a crucial role thought the play. The most unique role found within the play is the Women of Canterbury, or the Chorus. Throughout the piece, the Chorus delivers seven choral odes. These choral odes, when looked at as a collective work tell a story. They begin with brief foreshadowing of events that will occur later in the play, but then quickly jump into necessary storyline; one which summarizes the events of the pasts, and then immerses the audience into the common man’s view of the events in the present.

The first choral ode begins with heavy foreshadowing. The Women of Canterbury are drawn towards the Cathedral, but they do not know why. At first, there is confusion. They question, “Are we drawn by danger? Is it the knowledge of safety that that draws our feet towards the Cathedral?” As they reach the cathedral however, they come upon a realization. “There is not danger for us, and there is no safety in the cathedral. Some presage of an act, which our eyes are compelled to witness, has forced our feet towards the cathedral.” They recognize that it is not their own personal danger that draws them closer to the cathedral, but instead the foreshadowing of a horrifying act in which they will be forced to bear witness. It will be an act so terrible, that safety can not even be found within the hallowed halls of the cathedral.

After the period of foreshadowing, the mood of the first choral ode drastically shifts away from the dark and mysterious presage of an act to a description of the concrete past. The remainder of the choral ode serves as a way to bring the audience up to speed on the last seven years of Canterbury’s history. While they convey the events of the past, the women of Canterbury express a constant lurking fear for the safety of their Archbishop. A perfect example of this common theme found within the first choral ode is in the following stanza, in which the Chorus states:

“Seven years and the summer is over,

Seven years since the Archbishop left us,

He who was always so kind to his people.

But it would not be well if should return.”

These lines are typical of the first choral ode, for not only do they explain to the audience that the Archbishop Thomas Beckett has been gone for seven years now, but they fear for his well being and for the well being of Canterbury if he were to return. As the choral ode draws to a close, the Women of Canterbury give off a sense of unavoidable waiting. They say:

“Come happy December, who shall observe you, who shall preserve you?

Shall the Son of Man be born again in the litter of scorn?

For us, the poor, there is no action,

But only to wait and to witness”

They welcome the month of December, but then question how it could possibly be a joyous time. Who would be able to celebrate the Christmas and Advent season with the terrible events that are about to occur? Could Jesus be reborn into such scorn? The Women of Canterbury know that there is little they can do at this time. They must wait, and then witness the act that they fear.

With the commencement of the second choral ode, the general mood shifts from confusion and waiting to fear. The Women of Canterbury have been informed that Beckett is returning to Canterbury. Such an announcement stirs great anxiety amongst them. They fear that their way of life will be disrupted and endangered. They plea to a Thomas who has not yet arrived to:

“Return. Quickly. Quietly. Leave us to perish in quiet.

You come with applause, you come with rejoicing, but

You come bringing death into Canterbury:

A doom on the house, a doom on yourself, a doom on the world.”

The women say that though they will be rejoicing on the outside, their deep insides will be dominated by fear, for they believe that his coming will come hand in hand with his own death. The idea of fear is the general theme in the second choral ode, as it constantly recurs throughout the lines. Later in the choral ode, the women say, “We are afraid in a fear which we cannot know, which we cannot face, which none understands.” This illustrates the depth and complexity of the fear which they are facing, for they know not how to neither combat it nor completely comprehend it. All the people know is that with Thomas comes death upon their home of Canterbury, so the beg him to “leave us, leave us, leave us sullen Dover, and set sail for France.”

The fear of the second choral ode becomes a reality in the third. The Women of Canterbury know what decision Beckett has made. They tell him, “We have not been happy, my Lord, we have not been too happy. We are not ignorant women, we know what we must expect and not expect.” By saying this, the Women of Canterbury mean that they understand the consequences that Thomas has chosen by staying in Canterbury. They know that he will perish if he stays. Then the women begin to despair. They cry, “God gave us always some reason, some hope; but now a new terror has soiled us, which none can avert,” and, “God is leaving us, God is leaving us, more pang, more pain than birth or death.” The Women of Canterbury, who always took faith in the idea the God was protecting their Archbishop, believe that Thomas has turned away from the Lord’s protection by deciding to remain at Canterbury, for not even God could protect him from the wrath of what was yet to come.

The fourth choral ode that opens up the second act heads in a completely different direction than the intense despair of the third choral ode. Instead, this choral ode is more accepting, for the chorus knows that the death of Beckett is coming. Nature is used throughout this choral ode to foreshadow his death. At one point the Women of Canterbury say, “The starved crow sits in the field, attentive; and in the wood the owl rehearses the hallow note of death.” The starved crow that they speak of symbolizes the Four Knights, who arrive in Canterbury shortly after the choral ode is delivered. The owl symbolizes the result of their visit to Canterbury: a death, a death that they fear will be brought upon Thomas. Though they have accepted the situation, the Women of Canterbury feel helpless, for all they can do between that moment and Thomas’s death is wait. As there is nothing they can do, they say, “We wait, and the time is short, but the waiting is long.”

As the fifth choral ode begins, the helplessness from the fourth choral ode carries over, but this time it is coupled with an air of guilt. The Women of Canterbury are stuck in an in between zone. They grieve:

“Now is too late for action, too soon for contrition.

Nothing is possible but the shamed swoon

Of those consenting to the last humiliation.

I have consented, Lord Archbishop, have consented.”

The women realize that the wheel is turning and the eternal action leading to Beckett’s doom is in motion. They are in despair, for it is too late for them to try and aid their Archbishop, but too soon for them to seek forgiveness for allowing Beckett to be killed. The murder of their Archbishop is a matter that they are taking personal responsibility for, and they view it as a humiliation to them all. Their final cry of “I have consented, Lord Archbishop” truly isolates and illustrates the immense guilt that they have brought upon themselves. The Women of Canterbury believe that by standing aside and allowing the Knights to threaten Thomas, they have consented to his murder. All they have left is helplessness, guilt, and like always, waiting.

The sixth choral ode is met with a shift from helplessness to intense distress. Archbishop Thomas Beckett has just been murdered, and the Women of Canterbury feel as if they, along with all of Canterbury, have been stained with their Archbishop’s blood. The chorus screams:

“Clear the air! Clean the sky! Wash the wind! Take the

Stone from the stone, take the skin from the arm,

Take the muscle from the bone, and wash them.

Wash the stone, wash the bone, wash the brain,

Wash the soul, wash them wash them!”

As shown, the Women of Canterbury become obsessed with trying to wash themselves clean of Beckett’s blood. Such words confirm that the Women of Canterbury see not only the Four Knights as Thomas Beckett’s killer, but themselves as well. They feel severe regret, proclaiming:

“We did not wish anything to happen

We understood the private catastrophe,

The personal loss, the general misery,

Living and partly living”

These lines show that, though they believe that they were a part of the murder, they were unintentionally involved. They did not mean for any ill will to come upon their Archbishop, but through their lack of action, their living and partly living, they allowed Beckett to face a tragedy, a tragedy that they were completely aware of, alone. The Women of Canterbury abandoned their Lord, and they do not know how to deal with their despair

The final choral ode begins not with despair, but instead with grateful praise to an all powerful God. The entire choral ode reads like one long prayer of praise, thanks, and then contrition to a merciful God. At points, the Women of Canterbury even go as far as to compare their deceased Archbishop to Jesus Christ. In it’s beginning, they say, “We praise Thee, O God, for Thy glory displayed in all the creatures” The Women of Canterbury then go on to on to show their gratitude to God by respectfully praying, “We thank Thee for Thy mercies of blood, for Thy redemption by blood. For the blood of Thy martyrs and saints.” By these words, the Women of Canterbury are thanking God for redeeming their souls with the blood of Thomas, their Archbishop. Through these lines, Eliot is comparing the murder of Thomas Beckett to the death of Jesus Christ on the cross, saying that both died to save the souls of those around them. Finally, the Woman of Canterbury seek contrition, pleading, “Forgive us, O Lord, we acknowledge ourselves as type of the common man, of the men and women who shut the door and sit by the fire.” On one level, they ask forgiveness for standing by and doing nothing to prevent Beckett’s death, for they are just common men. If read more deeply however, they return to the Christ like image of Beckett. The common men ask for forgiveness, for like Peter, they “sat by the fire” and denied their Lord. Just as Peter allowed Christ to die, so the Women of Canterbury allowed Thomas Beckett to die.

The seven choral odes in T.S. Eliot’s Murder in the Cathedral tell the story of the common man’s view of the events that occurred during that fateful December of 1170 in Canterbury. Through foreshadowing and interesting use of language, T.S. Eliot crafts the Chorus to be one of, if not the most fascinating character found within the whole play. Their unique perspective on Thomas Beckett’s murder truly makes Murder in the Cathedral one of the greatest plays of the 20th Century.

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Source by Jack Mascar

Fertility: Enjoying a Healthy Diet

Many people don’t associate fertility and healthy diet with each other, but they go hand-in-hand. Your reproductive system is affected by what you eat. Everything you eat eventually enters your blood stream and travels throughout your body. If you put processed foods or unhealthy foods into your body, it affects your digestive system, nervous system, immune system and reproductive system. For increased fertility and reproductive health, you’ll need to make a few lifestyle changes that involve eating a healthy diet.

Incorporate the following foods in your diet that are good for your reproductive system.

  • Green leafy vegetables are high in folic acid. Include Brussel sprouts and asparagus as part of your daily intake. Folic acid reduces the risk of ovulation issues.
  • Fruit are high in vitamins and have numerous nutritional benefits. Oranges and strawberries contain vitamin C which strengthens the immune system and improve sperm quality. Bananas contain vitamin B6 which regulates the hormones for egg and sperm development. Apples are high fibre and low in calories.
  • Cereals that are high in fibre are also good for your reproductive system. It helps to control sugar levels and protect heart health.
  • Almonds contain vitamin E which is an antioxidant and helps to protect the DNA in the sperm and eggs.
  • Chicken is an important source of protein that is great for egg production.
  • Dark chocolate contains amino acid which can double the sperm volume.
  • Garlic improves the blood flow to the man’s sexual organs and it protects the sperm from damage.
  • Tomatoes boost the sperm count by up to 70% and can increase their swimming speed.
  • Sunflower seeds and oysters each contain zinc. Zinc is crucial for conception and is an important mineral for male and female fertility.
  • Carrots also increase your chances of conception because it is filled with carotenoids.

It is important to note that you’ll need to make a lot of changes to your diet if you are one who usually eats junk food or take-away meals. Smoking, alcohol and medication can all have a negative impact on your fertility. So you will need to cut down on these too. Good nutrition which is largely based on natural foods is essential for a healthy body and a productive reproductive system. A fertility doctor will advise you that a fertility treatment can be a challenging phase and it is always best to have a healthy lifestyle. Always consult a doctor when making lifestyle changes to your health.

Source by Aziza Cassim

Writing and Revising Your Life Story

Change is not simple. Why do we repeat behavior that doesn’t work? Those actions that lead to stifling debt, disappointing careers, or stuck relationships? Then do it harder, yet expect a different result? Why is it not obvious that trying to exit an old story by simply writing a “better ending” only recreates the same story, and ensures that we remain in it? That a thousand better endings to an old story don’t create a new story? That the past cannot be changed and is a settled matter? That too often, we see ourselves as the victims of the stories that we author and the feelings we create?

We actively construct what we think, feel, and experience.

How surprised we are to learn that our fears are not in the dim shadows of the past’s unknown, but in the hopeful light of this moment’s change.

The only thing more difficult than changing and growing is not doing it.

It is never too late to become what you might have been. Or too soon to become who you want to be.

As adults, we are the sole authors of our own life stories. Every day begins a fresh page. The dramas of everyday life do not simply affect us, they are created by us. Yet so often the story closest to us, our own, is the most difficult to read How can we tell our life stories to ourselves in order to know which aspects of the narrative work and which need to change? How can we identify what is missing, change an attitude, or generate happiness? How can we shift our understanding to see life not as a multiple-choice test with certain predetermined answers, but as an open-ended essay question?

12 STEPS TO LISTEN TO YOUR LIFE STORY

This exercise intends to illuminate invisible decisions camouflaged as beliefs and assumptions. This exercise intends to align your efforts with a refocused vision.

1. Crystallize awareness of beliefs, views, and opinions that you hold in each area of your life: family, business, personal, financial, creativity, and spiritual development. Recognize that none of these are facts, but beliefs that are created. The beliefs, points of view, and opinions are decisions that you make, a perception that you hold.

You can track when in time you made your original decision that led to the view or belief that is limiting. Most often the original decision arises from disappointment, or what you did not get. An example is a decision to be cautious about relationships, and protect yourself in case of rejection. This belief brings about what you fear, though perhaps based originally on adaptive protection from physical or emotional abandonment. Problems are not written into your genes, though an assumption such as victimhood can be a powerfully organizing storyline, even an aspect of identity.

2. Look for the link/connection between the original decision to the view or perspective held now. Acknowledge the impact it has on your current life, the costs, and the exchanges that you make. Does each belief serve you right now?

At one time, the decision served you but you may have outgrown it. Is it still worth the cost that you pay? Are you exchanging valuable time and energy in pursuit of something that ultimately is disappointing?

3. Try new perspectives and possibilities. You have to try on and live an experience to get informed data of how it may bring a change to your life. An experiment may be an idea or image that you live into, and evolve it to create a habit.

4. Explore what is possible. From the place of what is possible, clarify what you want to create, and what action would be paired with it.

5. Recognize and honor your uniqueness. Your uniqueness includes distinctive capacities and abilities, what you do exceptionally well, what works best for you. The design of your life plan must recognize your exceptional strengths, and place your energy on leveraging strengths, rather than creating obstacles. Are you engaging your passion and creativity to do what you do uniquely well in your life and career?

6. Recognize that which you can determine, and that which you cannot. Let go/accept what you cannot determine rather than engaging it with hope and ultimate frustration. Embrace that which benefits you and the elements that serve you, and let go of all that do not.

7. Do only that which works in current time and that is consistent with your needs and values. The bottom line of any theory or belief system is: Does it work now?

8. Clarify decisions about how you use, invest, and refurbish your life energy based on your life plan.

9. Change is a process, not an event. Design short-term, step-wise measurable goals to validate your progress. Hold yourself accountable to the timetable of your goals.

10. Review your tolerations list. Update and revise it.

11. Create a mission that is stronger than your fear.

Focus your energy on where you are: the present– and where you are headed: the future. You cannot change the past, but you can free yourself from its grips.

12. Focus your energy on where you are: the present– and where you are headed: the future. You cannot change the past, but you can free yourself from its grips.

15 REFLECTIONS TO BEGIN MASTERFUL PLOT REVISION

1. What are the recurring storylines in your life that work?

2. What are the recurring themes in your life that do not work?

3. Is there a piece of your life that is unlived?

4. Who are you in your career?

5. Who are you (or who have you become) in your most intimate relationship?

6. What goals have you realized in your life?

7. What goals have you not realized in your life?

8. Do you have a clear internal ideal of who and what you want to be?

9. What percent of your full capacity are you functioning in your work?

10. What percent of your capacity are you living in your personal life?

11. What are your conflicted storylines where it is obvious not all of you is going comfortably and effectively in the same direction?

12. Do all the storylines fit and further the plot you want to advance?

13. What do you continue to engage by disclaiming and denying?

14. Do you have an awareness of your different states of mind? Do you have basic mastery of how to enter and exit various states of mind?

15. What do you hear in listening to your body’s somatic language?

Source by David Krueger MD

Wedding Time and Money Saving Tips

Wedding planning begins right after engagement. You and your partner will decide whether to follow your dream wedding or just have a simple one and save extra cash in starting a family. For me, I’d rather have a simple wedding then save the extra cash for future use.

My fiancé and I have been engaged for more than a year. We started our oculars to hotels, reception areas, gardens and wedding expo 2 months after our engagement. We have learned so much from our visits on how to save money to be spent in reception areas, caterers and other important stuff.

This article will discuss the steps in planning a simple wedding.

For every wedding it should begin with saving – saving money for the wedding. This can be done right after the engagement or at least a year before the wedding. At this time, the couple should discuss and decide if they want the wedding that they dream or a simple one. Also, the couple should know how much they will spend in major things like church, caterer, reception, rings and clothes.

Since saving has been done, next is reservation. The couple should save the date and time of the wedding to the desired locations like church and reception areas. It is time and money saving if the church and reception area is few feet away from each other, probably a street in between. Or the place could a ride away. The couple should do the same in reserving hotel rooms and bridal car.

It is also time and money saving if the suppliers are within the vicinity of the wedding. Get the best caterer, cake maker and florist in town.

For photographers and videographers, wedding coordinators, makeup artist and florist services – you can get these services few bucks lesser than the original price. Check out the available promo dates for these suppliers. Of course, check their portfolio to make sure that they’re the best.

Wedding attire – I adore gowns made by famous fashion designers but I can’t afford it. There is a way to have stylish gown without spending big. All you have to do is get the design, get the same cloth and get a professional dressmaker.

The couple shouldn’t spend so much for wedding invitations and other paper supplies. Most visitors won’t be keeping the invitations and programs after the event. I suggest to DIY the wedding invites. It is easy to design using the computer and print it through the home printer. If you’re not good with the design ask your younger siblings or relatives to do it for you.

Source by Hannah Burac

Golf Driving

A product with numerous golf driving tips is about to be disclosed to you. In this article, we will discuss how to eliminate strokes from your scorecard, how to win in long drive tournaments and much more.

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Almost, this book has taught very valuable lessons to over 50,000 golfers who had problems and inconsistencies in playing. Written by David Nevogt, this book appears to be dominating the top 5 most popular golf related e-books in Clickbank, popular teaching priceless golfing techniques to frustrated golfers.

In this book, David Nevogt shares how he was able to observe golf players over the years while working as a sports writer. He says he was able to discover the techniques of great golfers and he aims to share these techniques to the whole world through this book.

Simple Golf Swing teachers golfers the proper stance, gripping and timing to enhance golf driving skills. This book can also teach how to aim accurately, hit the ball with precision and get rid of those awful slices.

Bonus package are also included on top of the Simple Golf Swing e-book.

Bonus 1 – The Simple Chip

This will teach you how to knock strokes off your scorecard fast.

Bonus 2 – Mike Pedersen's Fit to A Tee

This explain how your body can affect your swing and how to change it.

Bonus 3 – Training Aids You Can Make at Home

This will demonstrate how to make golf training aids out of clothes hangers, tennis racks and other things that can be found in your home.

Bonus 4 – Putting Lessons

Valuable Putting tips compiled by popular golf instructors.

Bonus 5 – How to Get Out of the Sand and Close to the Cup

Learn and swing your way out of the hazards on the way to victory.

Bonus 6 – Lifetime Upgrades

Free access to new materials by Nevogt.

Bonus 7 – Mental Pre-Shot Routine

Simple mental trainings and preparations that can be done in 5 seconds.

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How Austin launched that ball 515 yards 35 years ago.

Source by John Dean Burrows

Winning Roulette Against All Odds

Charles DeVille Wells was said to be "The Man Who Broke the Bank in Monte Carlo." An enduring mystique has grown around this story even inspiring a song about it. It was also said that he accomplished this feat using the "Labouchere" or Cancellation System. It's hard to say how much truth there is to the legend, but I do know this is an insidious little system that seems to win on balance until a long series of unfavorable decisions creates a catastrophic loss. Wells died broke in 1926.

Roulette is one of the simplest of all casino games but holds a remarkable fascination for it's followers. The crudest recorded versions date back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. The modern game we know today began in France in the 1800's. The name Roulette is a French word meaning "little wheel."

In England a variation of the game was called EO (stood for even / odd) and in the 1800's America's wild west saloons they played another variation of a wheel game called Faro.

The European version of roulette is designed with 36 numbers and a single 0. With an odds payout of 35 to 1 the house percentage is vastly more favorable than the double zero wheel that is used on this side of the Atlantic.

With the single zero wheel and a feature called "en prison," the house percentage is 2.7%. When the zero appears, all wagers on the outside of the table (odd / even, red / black, high / low) are not lost and stay on the table for the next spin or the player has the option to forfeit half his bet. These features reduce the casino's percentage to 2.7% and on even money wagers it further reduced to 1.35%.

Roulette in American casinos employs a zero / double zero on their wheel and is a world apart from the European ones. Using the 0/00 added to the 36 numbers increases the casino's advantage to 5.26% which is why the game enjoys much greater popularity in European casinos than it does here in the US The payoff on winning bets are the same, 35 to 1, the Negative house percentage is double.

Despite the increased house edge against the player, there are still some advantages to playing roulette. First, it can be a very relaxing game and provides a nice diversion from some of the more serious table games. It can be an enjoyable way to pass the time.

Secondly, since it is a game with a low expectation of a winning income, it can be played with very low table minimums or starting capital.

This is not to say that it is impossible for the intelligent player to win playing roulette. On the contrast, compared to wagering on slot machines or the BIG 6 wheel where the percentages range from 10% on certain machines, to as high as 18% against the player it is by far a better bet.

Although I regularly hear the "experts" say that the roulette wheel can not be beaten, that the player is guaranteed to lose, I can not help but to disagree. Losses do occur at times, but on balance, I have been a net winner my entire life. If it can not be beaten, how is that possible?

In the 40 years I have spent gambling in casinos I have experienced with a wide variety of playing and betting methods. Some of these methods were marginal at best, but some that I've used were excellent performers. The long odds payoffs on the inside layout (the numbers) combined with a disciplined wagering system have the ability to produce exceptional results.

Although I agree that in the "long run" no system can overcome a negative expectation, it is in the "short run" that the player must exercise the discipline to always quit when winning.

The game lends itself nicely to even money wagering on the outside of the table layout and most "up as you win" wagering systems tend to also be profitable when combined with reasonable expectations.

My problem with the "experts" regarding roulette is that they look at the negative house percentage and quickly dismiss it as a game that can not be beaten. Their real life casino gambling seems to be either very limited or possibly nonexistent. My own personal experience is in sharp contrast.

The player's advantages are clear. The low capital requirements make it ideal as a low risk venue. The pace is leisurely and the rules uncomplicated with low table minimums. There are playing strategies that will, in the short run, give the player the opportunity for very attractive gains.

These are a few of the rules that must be followed to be successful playing roulette.

1. Familiarize yourself with the correct playing and betting systems.
2. Do not vary from these playing methods by betting on hunches or riskier wagers.
3. Decide on the amount of capital you will risk and do not exceed that amount. If you lose that amount have the discipline to walk away.
4. Bet minimum amounts when losing and only increase your bet size after a winning wager. Never increase your bet size to try and recoup losses … ever.
5. Keep your playing sessions short.
6. The game of roulette was not designed to favor the player …
Always quit when you are winning!
7. Do not gamble with money you can not afford to lose.

Greedy players are seldom if ever winning players. Do not try to "break the bank." It can not be done. But, with good judgment and a fair amount of discipline, roulette can be can be both enjoyable and very profitable. Play to win.

Source by Ray Walkoczy

Medical Coding Jobs From Home

Working from home and being paid well for it is a goal of many individuals. While searching out ways to accomplish this goal many have stumbled upon a niche field in medical administration called “medical coding”.

Medical coding positions are present in hospitals, physician offices, insurance companies, home health agencies, and just about anywhere medical services are being provided and billed for. In addition to traditional hourly employment in this field there are also a number of opportunities to do this type of work from the comfort of your own home.

A standard, hourly, medical coding job is what is usually advertised in the classifieds and help wanted ads. These positions usually require individuals to be present at a specific location, punch a time clock, etc. Employees are usually paid at an hourly rate and receive benefits such as paid vacation, health insurance, and paid holidays.

In contrast, most work from home medical coding jobs are contract positions. This means that a larger company who has multiple clients farm out the work into smaller portions on an individual basis. Individual medical coders who are awarded a portion of this work are called independent contractors and are considered self employed.

Most often an independent contractor will agree to receive a specified amount of work each week, code it within a specific time frame, maintain a certain accuracy standard, and in return are usually paid on a “per. chart coded” basis. While such positions usually do not include benefits such as paid vacation, medical insurance, and paid holidays it does offer an extremely flexible schedule and the ability to work from home, which saves on travel, attire, and other related expenses.

An independent contractor can expect companies that award coding contracts to provide the work and coding software while they will be responsible for providing the computer hardware, internet connection, and medical coding books. Independent contractors are also responsible for withholding their own taxes since their payments are made on their gross earnings. At year end individuals will receive a 10-99 instead of a W-2 and will need to file schedule 1040. This can also be a benefit since work related expenses such as coding books, internet, computer, etc. can be considered a tax deduction.

Most independent contraction positions are available for a specific specialty, such as pediatrics, emergency medicine, or dermatology. These positions normally require that contractors hold either a CPC or CCS coding credential and have a minimum of three years of coding within their specialty.

Each coding specialty has its own bar rate and standard pay rate. These are important to know when discussing a contract. For example, when coding emergency medicine the standard bar rate 25 charts an hour and the average pay rate is between.65 and.75 cents per. chart for professional coding. Based on these numbers and an average work week of 40 hours (for full time) or 20 hours (for part time) an independent contractor can choose the number of charts to contract for each week based on their own speed.

For example, individuals who code the standard 25 charts an hour and only wish to work 4 hours per day (that’s a 20 hour week) should contract for 500 charts per week and could expect to gross between $352 and $375 each week. The faster an individual can code the more money they can make, so an individual who can code 50 charts per hour can either choose to contract for full time work and receive full time earnings while working only part time hours, or they can choose to contract for a large number of charts and increase their earnings.

While speed is important to an independent contractor’s earning potential accuracy is equally important. Most companies who award coding contracts stipulate that the medical coder must maintain a certain accuracy in their coding in order to keep their contract. The accuracy rate usually falls between 96% – 99%. Charts coded by the medical coder are routinely audited by the company to ensure their rates are being maintained.

Prior to being considered for a work from home medical coding job there are several things one must do. The first is to earn either a CPC or CCS coding credential. While there are multiple coding credentials that are awarded by numerous organizations these are the only two that are commonly recognized among employers nationwide.

The CPC stands for Certified Professional Coder, and is awarded by the American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC). The second credential, the CCS, stands for Certified Coding Specialist and it is awarded by the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA).

Each of the two credentials can be earned by sitting for and passing the 5 – 6 hour coding exam. Proper education prior to sitting for either exam is strongly encouraged and selecting the right organization to prepare you should be done carefully.

Once an individual has earned either their CPC or CCS credential the next achievement should be to gain some on the job coding experience. This is required by most companies that award independent coding contracts. It is also more beneficial for a medical coder to start out this way as well.

Succeeding as an independent contractor is dependent upon both speed and accuracy and a new coder will be neither. It is best to earn an hourly paycheck when starting out when you can code as slow as you need to and you are able to ask as many questions as you may have to.

Once an individual has gained two to three years of on the job medical coding experience they will be considered for most independent coding contract positions. The next step is to find such companies that offer these types of positions or contracts.

Most internet searches for “at home medical coding jobs” and “medical coding jobs from home” usually return more solicitation or articles than job leads. It is better to use search phrases such as “medical coding independent contractor” or “remote medical coding jobs”. Attending local AAPC chapter meetings is also a good way to hear of such opportunities from the local coding community. In addition, an individual may try calling medical coding organizations and ask if the positions they are hiring for have the ability to become remote.

Examples of some companies who hire independent medical coding contractors are avia code, maxim health information services, and med data.

Source by Kristy Rodecker

Caroline Forbes

Caroline Forbes is the best friend of Elena Gilbert and Bonnie Bennet. They use to share everything together. The trio also goes to the same high school and even in the same class in Mystic Falls. Caroline's mother is the sheriff of Mystic Falls and her father is outside town. Caroline seems to be a wonderful girl, that means she does not really care about others. She always wants to have the best looking girl and does everything to achieve it. This is how the people who do not know her well would describe her. But for her friends is Caroline a lovely person that in fact does care for her friends. Even Stefan realizes that after some time and does compare her to his best friend Lexi.

Caroline got converted to a vampire by Katherine Pierce. Caroline's mother, Elizabeth Forbes, could not handle this situation. As she has been hunting vampires her lifelong and now her daughter is a vampire too. After some time of not speaking together they finally met and talked. And now they are like a family again. Any as new personality in the world of the vampires, Caroline remains loyal towards humans. Stefan teachers her how to control her new powers and with his help Caroline does not have to fear anymore that she could kill anyone by mistake.

Caroline & Damon:

Everything started when the Salvatore brothers came back to Mystic Falls. Damon already had an eye on Caroline since he saw her for the first time. They met the first time in a bar, where Caroline falls in love with him quickly. She invites Damon to go home with her and already in their first night of being together he shows her, his real face. He starts to compel Caroline and uses her as his private blood supply. Of course is Caroline scared and tries to fight him. Without having any chances to win that fight, she has to keep doing what Damon tells her. After a while of playing with her, Stefan talks to Damon and he can figure out a way to stop Damon using Caroline.

Caroline & Matt:

One day in the Episode "162 Candles" they feel something between each other and start a love story. In the beginning of the second season the things start to get weird between them as Matt is a human and Caroline is a vampire now. Caroline has to stop the relationship because she is scared of that she could hurt Matt. She does not have her powers under control yet. Matt can not life without her and tries to get her back. Caroline is still in love with him but in the end she tells him directly that they can not be together because she could kill him accidentally.

Caroline & Tyler:

Caroline never liked Tyler in the first place. But when Tyler became a werewolf they started to hang around a lot together. Caroline was helping him with his problem and was there for Tyler. As he did not know anything about vampires yet, Caroline told him she is the only vampire in town and because of that she could help and understand him with his transformation problem. Later on a few other werewolves came in the town and they took Caroline as a host and tortured her to threat Stefan and Damon. Tyler did not know any of that but still as soon as Caroline was free again, she quit the friendship with Tyler and he left Mystic Falls. Later on Caroline was together with Matt. The relationship did not hold that long and when they broke up Tyler was there to console Caroline. By that time they came together.

Source by Stefano Foscaldi

Bosch Power Tools

Ever since 1993, Bosch Power Tools has been the market leader in the power tools segment. Be it any tool in the metalworking, construction and woodworking industry, Bosch meets and fulfills the requirements of professional users with a complete range of power tools. It not only offers its users a comprehensive range of accessories, but also cordless tools and support for all its products.

All of Bosch's products are exclusively crafted to deliver the highest levels of performance with minimum energy consumption. With the introduction of Lithium Ion Technology, not only are Bosch's products light in weight and compact, they are environment friendly. From industrial sectors like manufacturing, construction, automotive to home-interiors, Bosch offers the best solutions to include cutting, drilling, driving, polishing, grinding, sanding etc. With 350+ tools, its wide range includes cordless drill machines, range finders, screwdrivers, impact wrenches, surveying equipments and rotary hammers.

Bosch, for the very first time in India, has also recently introduced DIY (Do-it-yourself) tools for enthusiasts. To promote better healthy lifestyle, it has also launched gardening and home tools to get work around the house done in an efficient manner.

When it comes to drills, Bosch drills are the best selling in the world. There are numerous varieties of drills. Hammer drills and corded drills are the most commonly used products. All the drills come with a very sturdy, metal gear housing that protects the equipment for life. To ensure high-level work safety, Bosch drills come with an anti-rotation mechanical overload clutch and soft grip for a secure hold. Drill accessories can be easily changed without wasting time with its single-sleeve keyless chuck with auto-lock. For the user to get a secure hold of the equipment, new safety handle with innovative fixing has been introduced. In order to prevent table breaks, the drill comes with a ball grommet for high movement radius. It is engineered for excellence and greatest level of comfort.

Construction professionals always choose Bosch grinders when it comes to tough grinding applications. Not only are Bosch grinders designed for maximum power and precision, they are reliable and robust. There are many varieties of angle grinders when it comes to metal working such as large angle grinders, small angle grinders, polisher, straight grinder, shears and nibblers. Large angle grinders come with powerful motors and ensure outstanding sturdiness. It is low weight and excellent for handling. Small angle grinders come with Kickback Stop to ensure safety and restart protection. It is ideal for continuous use. From metal to dry stone, Bosch polisher achieves best results, is weightless and comfortable to work. In work in hard-to-reach areas, Bosch straight grinders are the best guarantee precise results. Shears are a must-have when it comes to metal plate cutting and circular cuts. Bosch nibblers are compact and are used to cut steel. Itvents material distortion and efficiently measures tight curved cuss at ease. Bosch also offers grinder accessories such as wire wheels, brushes, cup wheels and abrasives that are a perfect match for its trusted grinder line-up.

Source by Amit A Prakash

Racquetball Equipment For Starter

Racquetball looks like a daunting sport to play with the ball bouncing heavily in a closed court. But with the right racquetball equipment, racquets, gloves, balls, clubs, supplies, and most of all attitude, the game becomes a fun albeit challenging experience. Too costly? Not really, because with the popularity and following the game has, sporting goods manufacturers produced a variety of equipment that could fit any budget.

The basic racquetball equipment set you need to start playing includes a ball and a racquet. Accessories like the gloves, grips, protective goggles, and other supplies are for safety and improvement of playing skills. Though these accessories can not guarantee that you'll win your first game, at least they'll keep possible bruises, muscle pains, and losing points difference to a minimum.

The first equipment you must pay attention to is your racquet. As a general rule, the more expensive the racquet, the better it is. But for starters, a medium-priced racquet will do just fine. Aluminum-framed racquets are cheap but you'll have to exert extra effort for more power. They also cause too much vibration making them harder to hold steady. Advanced players prefer the more expensive titanium or graphite frames because of the power these racquets give. These are basically light racquets for ease of maneuvers on the court. Balls and clubs are usually standardized, though, whatever you buy is just fine. The differences between high-priced balls and clubs from lower-priced ones are so subtitle that they are rendered insignificant.

Gloves are just like racquets. This is where price difference again come into play. Better quality gloves are generally more expensive. But before settling for cheaper gloves, consider this: The gloves, away from helping you to hold and steady your racquet, also protects your hand from blistering. They also prevent possible wrist injuries. The blisters that cheap gloves might give you can dampen your interest in the sport even before you have fully-experienced it. Another body safety item is the goggles. These protect your eyes from possibly getting hit by the ball because of too slow reflexes. With these on, you need not to worry about coming out of the court with bleeding eyes.

Lastly, before buying any racquetball equipment, racquets, gloves, balls, clubs, supplies, and other racquetball gears, it is important to do simple tests. Check the comfort of the goggles and the gloves. Grip the racquet and give it a few swings. It's no use buying top quality equipment if you're not comfortable using them. Aside from the right gear, confidence and attitude will serve you in your game.

Source by Andrew Corner